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MS055: The Duane D. Pearsall Papers

 Collection
Identifier: MS055

Scope and Contents

Series I, Biographical Materials, consists of materials related to the life and death of Duane Pearsall. While this material touches on his accomplishments in life, it mainly celebrates who Pearsall was as a man separate from what he did. It additionally includes copies of his Autobiography “My Life Unfolded,” which was only self-published and never distributed. Documents in this series include obituaries, letters of sympathy after Pearsall’s passing, memories with Pearsall, articles written about Pearsall’s work, and DVD’s remembering Pearsall’s time in the United States Navy. Series II, Statitrol, contains records from Statitrol, the business created, owned and operated by Pearsall. It is under Statitrol’s heading that the first battery powered home smoke detector is developed. Materials in this series include correspondence, reports, company histories, and minutes of meetings, copies of the Statitrol newsletters, and notes and mementos from employees to Pearsall. Series III, Small Business Records, contains materials from Pearsall’s work on behalf of small Business. This work took Pearsall across the nation, as well as into congress to testify for the case of small business. Materials include meeting minutes, business plans, reports, and correspondence dealing with promotion of small business. Series IV, Recognition Awards and Correspondence, holds items related to the awards received by Duane Pearsall, most notably the National Small Businessman of the Year 1976 Award. This series features congratulatory correspondence, Columbine Venture Fund documents, articles related to Pearsall’s awards, and post-mortem honors.Series V, Publications, consists of materials related to all parts of Pearsall’s life, from his Statitrol days to his work on behalf of small business. This series highlights reports, bulletins, and articles dealing with Pearsall’s life work. Series VI, Duane Pearsall’s Service in Navy, contains records from Pearsall’s days as an aviator in the United States Navy. While Pearsall only served in the Navy for a few years, flying remained a large part of his life. Contents of this series including flight record books, a yearbook, and aviation certificates qualifying Pearsall for flight. Series VII, Photographs and Scrapbooks, consists of visual memories of Pearsall’s life. While the series name lends itself to self-explanation, this series also contains certificates, albums, and matted drawings that were part of Pearsall’s personal collection.Series VIII, Smoke Detector Models and Prototypes, was Pearsall’s personal collection of the first generations of battery powered smoke detectors, created and distributed by Statitrol. The collection consists of 15 smoke detectors of different designs in materials such as wood, plastic and metal.Series IX, Memorabilia, features miscellaneous plaques, plates, paperweights, medallions, and other 3-D objects from Pearsall’s accomplishments.

Dates

  • Existence: 1922-2010

Conditions Governing Access

Permission of archivist.

Conditions Governing Use

Copyright restrictions may apply to some elements of the collection.

Biographical / Historical

Duane Pearsall (1922 - 2010) is best known for developing the battery operated smoke detector for residential use, an accidental invention saving lives since the 1970s.

Pearsall lived a modest life with his family. Upon graduating High School, he attended General Motors Institute (now Kettering University). He graduated from General Motors Institute after two years and due to World War II, Pearsall served in the Naval Air Corps from 1942 to 1945. He first served as a Navigator attached to a submarine patrol squadron, and then as a pilot. Flying remained an important thread through Pearsall’s young life, even owning and operating a small learn-to-fly business.

Pearsall began his post-Navy career working for Honeywell Corporation in 1948. Seven years later, he left Honeywell Corporation to found Pearsall Company, which focused mainly on the production of static control devices. In 1963, Pearsall founded Statitrol Corporation in Lakewood, Colorado, which initially focused on manufacturing commercial static control devices for industry. Failure of devices in the field prompted testing in the engineering lab. While engineer and inventor, Lyman Blackwell, worked on the problem, a smoking colleague entered the room. Inadvertently, the particles of combustion from the cigarette interrupted the flow of ions and caused a change in the ionization meter readings. The idea of abandoning the manufacture of the Static Neutralizer to pursue the invention of a battery operated home smoke detector was born.

Pearsall began a journey to develop, and later market, the first home battery-powered ionization smoke detector. The use of common batteries in the detector made it a simple and relatively inexpensive for consumers to purchase them. The result was life-saving.

The first unit developed and marketed was named the “SmokeGard 700”. Though it was developed in 1968, the SmokeGard 700 did not receive its Underwriter Laboratory approval until 1973, due to a lack of tests available for this new technology. In 1975, the beginning of mass production of smoke detection units by Statitrol began. Since this was an incredibly new technology, Pearsall faced many roadblocks with receiving patent approval and gaining support in the fire protection community.

During the years between the original development of the battery-powered ionization smoke detector and the awarding of UL approval, Pearsall worked with the national Fire Protection Association to help change ideas about the detector and fire protection of the era. Pearsall’s persistence and work with the NFPA eventually led to the changing of building codes to incorporate the requirement of smoke detectors in all newly constructed buildings. In 1976, Pearsall was named the National Small Businessman of the Year by the Small Business Administration, and was presented the award by President Gerald Ford. Pearsall sold Statitrol to Emerson Electric Company in 1977.

The year 1980 was a big for Pearsall and Fire Protection. Pearsall was named the Fire Protection Man of the Year by the Society of Fire Protection Engineers, and was credited with saving more than 1,000 lives with the SmokeGard systems. Later that year, Pearsall became a charter member of Worcester Polytechnic Institute’s Center for Fire Safety Studies, and began a donation matching program to help the Center grow and develop. Due to this funding commitment, the Center was able to sustain itself and grow into what is now known as the Fire Protection Engineering Program at WPI. In May 1996, Pearsall received an honorary doctorate degree from WPI, and in 2004, he was awarded the WPI Presidential Medal.

Life for Pearsall remained exciting after his resignation from Statitrol in 1977. He became a backbone for Small Business across the nation. He often spoke on behalf of Small Business, including multiple appearances as a witness in front of Congress. Pearsall additionally invested in the Rockies Venture Club, an early venture capital fund, in 1979. He then in 1983 became a founding general partner of the Columbine Venture Fund, which worked to help entrepreneurs obtain funding, a cause Pearsall felt strongly about.

Extent

99 Linear Feet

Language of Materials

English

Language of description
English
Script of description
Code for undetermined script

Repository Details

Part of the WPI Manuscript Collections Repository

Contact:
100 Institute Rd
George C. Gordon Library
Worcester MA 01609 USA